How to Dual Boot / Install a Linux Distro

Open source Development:

Open source software means that software’s whose source code is available for all developers, globally spread across the world. Or universe if you will! 😛

If you’re new to the world of open source, Linux would be a great place to start.

Depending on your current device. There are ways to install a Linux. And there are a ton of distributions to choose from.

So go ahead and chose your distribution according to your requirements. (Here, We’ll be learning to install Ubuntu, but you can choose any distribution you want)

1.Installing Linux:

(APPLICABLE FOR BOTH SINGLE AND DUAL BOOT)

So, now that you’ve chosen your Linux distribution, download the .iso image from their official website and come back when you’re done. (TIP: Make sure you choose the image according to your system requirements.32 and  64 bit systems have a different compatibility with the images.)

So, now that your .iso image is ready, you need to create a source through which you’re going to install the operating system. The most preferred source has always been USB Diskette(Bootable Pen Drive).

Don’t know how to create a Bootable Pendrive?

Requirements: A USB and a software. (YES!!THAT’S ALL)

Software: RUFUS. Here’s a screenshot showing how you can create a bootable LINUX Pendrive.

LINK to download RUFUS: https://rufus.akeo.ie/

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Click Start. Getting impatient?? Don’t Worry!!You’re half way there.

This should take around 15-20 minutes.

INSTALLATION: (Before Going any further, make sure you have a Windows Recovery Backup just to Be safe in case things get messy. Although chances  of one  happening so are very few)

FOR DUAL BOOT:

If you’re running Windows 10;

Follow the following Steps:

1.Right Click on ‘My Pc’ And Find Disk Management

2.You will be guided to a screen which represents all your Current Partitions.

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3.To Set up a Linux Partition, right click on any partition of your choice, and click on shrink volume.You will be then provided with a Window to choose the Size of your partition.

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(PS: TRY ASSIGNING MINIMUM OF 20 GB For EFFICIENT INSTALLATION)

STEP 2: Getting into the installing process.

Your bootable Pendrive is now ready, and now comes the job of making some changes in the BIOS/UEFI.

Usually, you can access the bios by the Esc button, but few devices have a different way to get into the UEFI mode.Check out FORUMs to find out how to access it.So, after you’ve gotten into the BIOS menu, change your booting preference to USB to maximum preference and save your settings.

Now, You should get the installation menu.

CONGRATULATIONS!!You’ve successfully booted into the Linux installation.

Your Screen Should look Something like this.

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Try Ubuntu: Live boot / using Linux for temporary purposes without permanent installing.

We are interested in installing Ubuntu, Ubuntu .so choose the Ubuntu.

You should get the following options.

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1.Install Ubuntu Alongside Windows 7/8/10:

Dual boots to use both windows and Ubuntu simultaneously by choosing a free space available, and installing it on the drive.

2.Replace Windows with Ubuntu:

Wipes(Cleans) all your windows user data and overwrites all Windows drives with the Ubuntu drives.

3.Something Else:

Helps to make your partitions to install Ubuntu manually.(If you are interested in knowing how to install Ubuntu manually, let us know.)

For now, YOURChoose 1. And follow the procedural guide to install Ubuntu.

You’re DONE!!

WHENEVER YOU START YOUR PC, YOU WILL GET THE FOLLOWING GRUB MENU.

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Making Grub your default bootloader:

For some Pc’s, after restarting your device you are directly booted in the Windows boot manager without getting an option to choose from both.

You can access the Ubuntu.However, this process is inconvenient if you are a frequent user.

So, to make Grub your default bootloader, Follow the following steps.

1.Run Ubuntu, from the BIOS boot menu

2.Open Terminal.

  1. Enter the following command

efibootmgr –v  (This will show you all the enteries in the boot order)

use efibootmgr with the -o switch to reorder them the way you want, with Ubuntu first.

You can list all the functions by using

man efibootmgr

FOR WINDOWS

1.Open command prompt

2. bcdedit /set {bootmgr} path \EFI\ubuntu\grubx64.efi

(This command will set the Grub as your default bootloader. )

4.If both the above methods don’t work,

Boot into Linux and Follow the below procedure:

  1. Back up the entire contents of/boot/efi (your EFI System Partition, or ESP).
  2. Typesudo mv /boot/efi/EFI/Microsoft/Boot/bootmgfw.efi /boot/efi/EFI/Microsoft.
  3. Typecp /boot/efi/EFI/ubuntu/grubx64.efi /boot/efi/EFI/Microsoft/Boot/bootmgfw.efi.
  4. Create a new/etc/grub.d/40_custom file entry that refers to EFI/Microsoft/bootmgfw.efi. Model it after the existing entry in /boot/grub/grub.cfg that refers to EFI/Microsoft/Boot/bootmgfw.efi; just remove Boot from the boot path and give it a new name.
  5. Typesudo update-grub to install the new GRUB entry.

When you reboot, GRUB should come up.

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SO NOW YOURE FINALLY DONE.!!!!

LET US KNOW IF YOU HAD ANY DOUBTS REGARDING THE INSTALLATION PROCESS AND  MANUAL INSTALLATION PROCEDURE.

LET US KNOW WHAT YOU WOULD LOVE TO HERE THE NEXT TIME.

THANK YOU!

()

ALTERNATE WAY:

Now that you know how to install Ubuntu, you might have noticed that you have to RESTART everytime you want to switch the OS.This may take up a lot of your time, and since you’re at our page, you done have to worry, because here we have a solution for almost everything.

VIRTUAL BOX:

Installation through the virtual box is easy, just like our above installation.

So get your ISO and Virtual Box ready, and we are ready to begin.(You might want to know, that VirtualBox supports only 32bit systems, so make sure you download the right image)

1.Once You’ve installed Virtual box you can create a new Virtual machine and choose the OS of your choice as per their listing.

2.Just set up the recommended Storage and video Memory Partitions and we are done.

3.Now, all you have to do is import the ISO image.

Here’s a screenshot of what it Looks like.

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If you have disk that contains Windows installed

  1. Boot from Ubuntu Installation media.
  2. Unmount any mounted drives if they exist.
  3. Proceed to Step
  4.  Choose “Something else” and click Continue:

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You will see partition table. It will look like this:

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4.Free some space for Ubuntu:

  • Select the Windows drive (not the loader!). It should be the biggest drive in the map.

Click Change… button. Reduce Windows’ partition to 60% of its size. Notice that you should remain some free space on it (8 – 20 GiB should be enough).

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  • If you want, you can delete some partitions. This is done by clicking -Do not delete Windows partition!

And ~40 GiB should be kept for Ubuntu. Click OK and Continue to write changes on disk.

  1. Now your partition table should look like this:

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  1. Now, you can proceed with steps 4 – 7 of the part about blank installation. Notice that swap will be placed on a logical partition. This doesn’t matter, in any case, it will work perfectly.
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